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Pablo Jensen - Complex Systems Science: Dreams of Universality, Reality of Interdisciplinarity

 

Directeur de Recherche au CNRS, Laboratoire de Physique de l'ENS Lyon, France.

Thanks to a large database (215 000 records) of relevant articles, we empirically study the "complex systems"; field and its claims to find universal principles applying to systems in general. The study of references shared by the papers allows us to obtain a global point of view on the structure of this highly interdisciplinary field. We show that its overall coherence does not arise from a universal theory but instead from computational techniques and fruitful adaptations of the idea of self-organization to specific systems. We also find that communication between different disciplines goes through specific "trading zones";, ie sub-communities that create an interface around specific tools (a DNA microchip) or concepts (a network). We also show first results on the evolution of this field.

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Contributors to this page: David Chavalarias .
Page last modified on Wednesday 16 March, 2011 10:51:49 by David Chavalarias.